Obe­sity is a grad­ual phys­i­cal devel­op­ment which results from poor diet and lifestyle. It is thought that the genetic make up may also play a role to some extent. Weight gain could also be caused by tak­ing cer­tain med­ica­tion, such as  cor­ti­cos­teroids and a con­se­quence of quit­ting cer­tain habits, such as smoking.

Obe­sity is when the per­son has more body fat for their height and gen­der. A per­son with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater is con­sid­ered to be obese.

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To lose excess weight, ide­ally a low fat, high fibre diet is best but low calo­rie diets, low-carb diets, meal replace­ment diets or sim­ply reduc­ing por­tion size will work as long as, at the end of the day, you’re not tak­ing in too much energy for your body’s par­tic­u­lar needs.

Gen­er­ally, to lose 1lb /week you need to take in 500 calo­ries less every day. Weight loss surgery, also referred to as bariatric surgery, should be con­sid­ered as a last resort to treat obe­sity. The first treat­ment for any­one who is obese is to lose weight through healthy calo­rie con­trolled diet and increased exercise.

It is impor­tant to remem­ber that exer­cise does NOT have to be stren­u­ous. In fact, mod­er­ate form of exer­cise such as walk­ing, yoga or swim­ming or other suit­able phys­i­cal exer­cise of your choice on a reg­u­lar basis is rec­om­mended as exer­cise improves cir­cu­la­tion of the blood and can also help to relieve stress.

Weight loss surgery can  be costly, rang­ing from £5,000-£8,000 for gas­tric band­ing; £9,500-£15,000 for   gas­tric bypass surgery, and it also has risks asso­ci­ated with it. These include inter­nal bleed­ing, deep vein throm­bo­sis (blood clot inside the leg), and pul­monary embolism (block­age inside the lungs).

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