Accord­ing to World Health Orga­ni­za­tion (WHO), one in six adults is obese, one in 10 is dia­betic and one in three has raised blood pres­sure. Dr Mar­garet Chan, Director-General of WHO says “this report is fur­ther evi­dence of the dra­matic increase in the con­di­tions that trig­ger heart dis­ease and other chronic ill­nesses, par­tic­u­larly in low and middle-income countries.

The high­est obe­sity lev­els are in the WHO Region of the Amer­i­cas (26% of adults) and the low­est in the WHO South-East Asia Region (3% obese). In all parts of the world, women are more likely to be obese than men, and thus at greater risk of weight related health prob­lems, such as:

Dia­betes

Car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease is the lead­ing cause of mor­tal­ity for peo­ple with dia­betes. If you have dia­betes you have a two– to three-fold greater risk of heart fail­ure com­pared to       peo­ple with­out diabetes.

Uncon­trolled dia­betes causes dam­age to your body’s blood ves­sels mak­ing them more prone to dam­age from            ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis and hyper­ten­sion. Peo­ple with dia­betes develop ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis at a younger age and more severely than peo­ple with­out diabetes.

Peo­ple with dia­betes are more likely to a heart attack or stroke, than peo­ple who do not, and their prog­no­sis is worse.

If you have dia­betes you can have a heart attack with­out real­iz­ing it.  Dia­betes can dam­age nerves as well as blood      ves­sels so a heart attack can be ‘silent’, that is lack­ing the typ­i­cal chest pain.

Pre­menopausal women who have dia­betes have an increased risk of heart dis­ease because dia­betes can­cels out the pro­tec­tive effects estrogen.

[Related arti­cle: How to check obesity]

Heart/cardiovascular dis­eases or stroke

Obe­sity causes car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease because sci­en­tists believe that fat, espe­cially intra-abdominal fat, has              sig­nif­i­cant impact on our metabolism.

You have intra-abdominal fat if you have a big belly.  This fat affects your blood pres­sure; your blood lipid lev­els and inter­feres with your abil­ity to use insulin effec­tively.  You use insulin to process glu­cose derived from food, our body’s pri­mary fuel. If you can­not use insulin prop­erly you may develop dia­betes, a risk fac­tor of car­dio­vas­cu­lar disease.

High blood pres­sure (hypertension)

Hyper­ten­sion is at least twice as com­mon in peo­ple with dia­betes as in peo­ple with nor­mal blood glu­cose levels.

High cho­les­terol

Cho­les­terol is needed to form cell mem­branes and hor­mones. The human body makes cho­les­terol and we also     con­sume it when we eat ani­mals and ani­mal derived food like milk and cheese.  We can also make cho­les­terol from foods that do not con­tain cho­les­terol such as coconut fat, palm oil and trans fats, often used in foods such as french fries, cakes and cookies.

Cho­les­terol is car­ried through our blood by par­ti­cles called lipopro­teins: low-density lipopro­tein (LDL) and high-density lipopro­tein (HDL). High lev­els of LDL lead to ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis increas­ing the risk of heart attack and ischemic stroke.

Gall­blad­der diseases

Gall­blad­der dis­ease includes gall­stones and inflam­ma­tion or infec­tion of the gall­blad­der.
Gall­stones are clus­ters of solid mate­r­ial that form in the gall­blad­der. They are made mostly of cho­les­terol and can cause abdom­i­nal pain, espe­cially after con­sum­ing fatty foods. The pain may be sharp or dull.

How is it linked to over­weight?
Peo­ple who are over­weight have a higher risk for devel­op­ing gall­blad­der dis­ease. They may pro­duce more cho­les­terol (a fat-like sub­stance found in the body), a risk fac­tor for gall­stones. Also, peo­ple who are over­weight may have an enlarged gall­blad­der, which may not work properly.

What can weight loss do?
Fast weight loss (more than 3 pounds per week) or large weight loss can actu­ally increase your chance of devel­op­ing gall­stones. Mod­est, slow weight loss of about 1/2 to 2 pounds a week is less likely to cause gall­stones. Achiev­ing a healthy weight may lower your risk for devel­op­ing gallstones.

Sleep apnea (inter­ruped breath­ing dur­ing sleep)

Sleep apnea is a con­di­tion in which a per­son stops breath­ing for short peri­ods dur­ing the night.
A per­son who has sleep apnea may suf­fer from day­time sleepi­ness, dif­fi­culty con­cen­trat­ing, and even heart fail­ure.

How is it linked to over­weight?
The risk for sleep apnea is higher for peo­ple who are over­weight. A per­son who is over­weight may have more fat stored around his or her neck. This may make the air­way smaller. A smaller air­way can make breath­ing dif­fi­cult,                       loud (snor­ing), or stop alto­gether. In addi­tion, fat stored in the neck and through­out the body may pro­duce sub­stances that cause inflam­ma­tion. Inflam­ma­tion in the neck is a risk fac­tor for sleep apnea.

What can weight loss do?
Weight loss usu­ally improves sleep apnea. Weight loss may help to decrease neck size and lessen inflammation.

Other obe­sity risks are: 

Some types of can­cer, osteoarthri­tis (wear­ing away the joints).

Call For Action — Start Your Weight Loss Plan Now.

R.D.K holdings S.A


If you con­trol your blood glu­cose you can reduce your risk of a car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease event by 42% and the risk of heart attack, stroke, or death from car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease by 57%.If you con­trol your blood glu­cose lev­els you reduce your risk of car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease by between 33% to 50%.
If you con­trol your blood lipids (fats) you can reduce car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease com­pli­ca­tions by 20% to 50%.Losing weight and main­tain­ing a healthy diet will improve your dia­betes status.If you have impaired glu­cose tol­er­ance and lose weight, you can pre­vent the onset of diabetes.

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